Voices of decision makers on evidence-based policy: A case of evolving TB/HIV co-infection policy in India

editor score
Editor Score:
editor score
editor score
editor score
Asset Type
Wednesday, January 7, 2026
North America Central America South America Oceania Scandinavia Europe Africa Middle East Asia
Publication year
Life science/Healthcare

This study explores decision makers’ perspectives on evidence-based policy (EBP) development using the case of TB/HIV co-infection in India. Twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with purposively selected key national and international policy decision makers in India. Verbatim transcripts were processed and analysed thematically using QSR (NUD*IST 6). The decision makers were unequivocal in recognizing the TB/HIV co-infection as an important public health issue in India and stated the problem to be different than Africa. The need of having a “third programme” for co-infection was not felt. According to them, the public health management of this co-infection must be within the realm of these two programmes. The study also emphasized on decision makers’ perspectives on evidence and the process of utilization of evidence for decision-making for co-infection. Study findings showed global evidence was not always accepted by the decision makers and study shows several examples of decision makers demanding local evidence for policy decisions. Decision makers did make interim policies based on global evidence but most of the time their mandate was to get local evidence. Thus, operations research/implementation science especially multi-centric studies emerge as important strategy for EBP development. Researcher–policy maker interface was a gap where role of researcher as aggressive communicator of research findings was expected.

Yegii expert:
K. Srikanth Reddya & Seema Sahaya
AIDS care, 2015 - Taylor & Francis
Time horizon:
2-5 Years
Editor review:
This study makes an important connection between evidence-based research and policymakers' decision-making on the ground. Researchers in public health will find this study useful in understanding the factors that influence policymakers decision-making. A detail of the interview questions and examples of local evidence-based research that has influenced India's policy makers would have been more useful for researchers and advocates.
Yegii Reviews: