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A knowledge asset is anything that is valuable input in order to make a business decision.

  • World Nuclear Association

    The World Nuclear Association is the largest (and only) global trade association for the nuclear energy industry.

  • How will the overall energy system evolve from now to 2050?

    Data visualization allowing you to quickly and easily see what impact countries, technologies and sectors may have on carbon dioxide emissions in the decades to come. Also visualize energy impact across the transport, industry and buildings sectors, highlighting the different fuels (from oil to biofuels), sectors (from petrochemicals to residential) and end uses (from water heating to lighting) that will be affected in the years ahead.

  • The Future of the Electric Grid: MIT study.

    MIT's Future of the Grid study was a major contribution to the understanding of the future of electricity provision in the US as well as globally. A large multidisciplinary set of MIT professors as well as an active industry panel co-wrote the report. A major finding is that the US has a fragmented and often inconsistent policy regime.

  • IRENA Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2012: An Overview

    This report provides a review of around 8000 renewable generation projects, including global trends, wind power, hydropower, solar PV, concentrating solar power, biomass, and geothermal.

  • IRENA Renewable Energy Cost Analysis - Biomass for Power Generation

    This report describes the current state of biomass energy production globally, including biomass combustion, gasification, and anaerobic digestion. It includes details of current feedstocks, costs of the technology, and the levelised cost of electricity from biomass.

  • IRENA Renewable Energy Cost Analysis - Hydropower

    This report outlines the global state of hydroelectric power, including an overview of the technologies in use, the resources available, global capacity and generation trends, current costs, cost reduction potential, and the levelized cost of hydropower.

  • Understanding the Electric Vehicle Landscape to 2020

    International Energy Agency Publication about the present and future of electric vehicles globally until 2020.

  • IRENA Renewable Energy Cost Analysis - Concentrating Solar Power

    This report covers the state of concentrated solar power generation, including the various current technologies, global market trends, current costs for installations, cost reduction potential, and the levelised cost of electricity.

  • IRENA Renewable Energy Cost Analysis - Wind Power

    This document contains an in depth analysis of the state of the wind industry, including installed costs for different types and locations of wind power, O&M costs, levelized cost of electricity, potential for cost reductions, and a broad overview of the current technology and limitations.

  • IEA World Energy Outlook

    IEA World Outlook is a widely quoted, annual reference for country specific prospective energy data and trends on resources, pricing and availability.

  • SNL Energy

    SNL Energy provides news, data and research for the electric power industry.

  • State-Level Cost and Benefit Estimates of Renewable Portfolio Standards

    More than half of U.S. states have Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) in place and have collectively deployed approximately 46,000 MW of new renewable energy capacity through year-end 2012. This report summarizes existing RPS cost and benefit estimates and examines the various methods used to calculate such estimates.

  • IRENA Renewable Energy Technologies: Solar Photovoltaics

    This data rich global report includes detailed information on PV technologies, market trends, cost structures, and cost reduction potential for different technologies.

  • BP Energy Outlook

    BP Energy Outlook 2030 identifies long-term energy market trends, projecting to 2030, taking account of the potential evolution of the world economy, policy, and technology. The 2013 outlook has a special focus on the role of shale gas and tight oil in supporting the growth of gas and oil supply, highlights the growing role of developing economies in global energy consumption and the increasing share of non-fossil fuels.

  • The Future of Natural Gas: MIT Study

    The Future of Natural Gas is a MIT multidisciplinary report examining the role of natural gas in meeting future demand under carbon dioxide emissions constraints.

  • Energy Perspectives Long-term macro and market outlook

    A throughout report on the global energy mix until 2040. 2030s are outlined as a decade of great change within energy production and usage across the world. Optimistic report, considers energy intensity to be the key driver in inaccuracy of long-term energy projections.

  • Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the United States

    This atlas estimates wind energy resource for the United States and its territories and indicates general areas where a high wind resource may exist. This information is valuable to wind energy developers and potential wind energy users because it allows them to choose a general area of estimated high wind resource for more detailed examination.

  • Knowledge Summit

    Knowledge Summit is an annual, compact conference for US utility executives.

  • Energy Subsidy Reform: Lessons and Implications

    This paper provides: (i) the most comprehensive estimates of energy subsidies currently available for 176 countries; and (ii) an analysis of "how to do" energy subsidy reform, drawing on insights from 22 country case studies undertaken by IMF staff and analyses carried out by other institutions. On a "pre-tax" basis, subsidies for petroleum products, electricity, natural gas, and coal reached $480 billion in 2011 (0.7 percent of global GDP or 2 percent of total government revenues). Removing these subsidies could lead to a 13 percent decline in CO2 emissions and generate positive spillover effects by reducing global energy demand.

  • Endogenous growth, convexity of damages and climate risk

    Analysis of Nordhaus' work, a modeling framework that set several industry standard components for carbon tax analysis. From this work many have drawn the conclusion that an efficient global emissions abatement policy comprises modest and modestly increasing controls. On the contrary, this report provides an initial illustration that, if the analysis is extended to take more strongly into account three essential elements of the climate problem – the endogeneity of growth, the convexity of damages, and climate risk – optimal policy comprises strong controls.

  • BP Statistical Review of World Energy

    5.3% share of global power generation met by renewables. Global nuclear output grew by 0.9%, the first increase since 2010. China recorded the largest incremental growth in renewables, followed by the US, while growth in Europe’s leading players – Germany, Spain and Italy – was below average.

  • Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013

    Europe Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2013 is the latest policy report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information on major policies governing renewable energy market in the region. The report presents an in-depth analysis of the renewable energy policies across the major countries in Europe. The report provides the current and future renewable energy targets and plans along with the present policy framework, giving a fair idea of overall growth potential of their renewable energy industry. The report is built using data and information sourced from industry associations, government websites and statutory bodies. The information is also sourced through other secondary research sources such as industry and trade magazines.

  • GW Researchers Introduce New High-Energy Rechargeable Batteries

    Volumetric energy capacity of the batteries tested in this study are 62%-435% more effective than lithium air batteries depending upon the materials used. These molten air batteries use air, a molten electrolyte, are quasi-reversible (rechargeable), have the capability for multiple electrons stored per molecule, and have the highest intrinsic electric energy storage capacities. This study introduces the principles of a new class of high-energy batteries and their fundamental chemistry is demonstrated.

  • DNV KEMA Retail Energy Executive Forum

    DNV Retail Energy Executive Forum is an event for the retail energy industry, offering keynotes and discussions on developments and strategies that affect competitive power markets. Senior energy industry professionals, state and federal regulators, investors, large energy buyers, brokers, and vendors assemble each year for two days of insight and knowledge sharing, focused on key business and policy issues, including energy supply, technology, and services.

  • U.S. Solar Market Insight Research

    The SEIA/GTM U.S. Solar Market Insight Report is a regularly cited source each quarter by over 200 top national media, regional news outlets, solar trade press, bloggers and U.S. government agencies. Photovoltaic (PV) installations continued to proliferate, increasing 41% over 2012 to reach 4,751 MW. Solar was the second-largest source of new electricity generating capacity in the U.S., exceeded only by natural gas. And the cost to install solar fell throughout the year, with average system prices ending the year 15% below the mark set at the end of 2012.

  • Accenture Global Risk Management Study: Energy and Utilities sector

    This is a study of how Utilities handle risk and states that risks have increased due to regulatory uncertainty.

  • World LNG Report

    World LNG Report (2013) stats that after 30 consecutive years of growth LNG trade fell in 2012, due to the North American shale boom and other factors, but paints a positive overall picture for LNG in the long term picture.

  • World Nuclear News

    World Nuclear News provides free public information on a daily basis on the subject of nuclear power with stories written by in-house journalists.

  • Candian Oil Sands Supply Costs and Development Projects

    This is the eighth annual edition of the Canadian Energy Research Institute’s (CERI) oil sands supply cost and development projects update report. Similar to past editions of the report, several scenarios for oil sands developments are explored. In addition, given the assumptions for the current cost structure, an outlook for future supply costs will be provided.

  • Study on spray patterns of gas-centered swirl coaxial injectors

    In this study, effects of the recess ratio and momentum flux ratio on the spray patterns of gas-centered swirl coaxial (GCSC) injectors have been experimentally investigated through cold flow tests in a high pressure chamber, in which the liquid fuel and gaseous oxidizer are simulated by water and gaseous nitrogen, respectively. By elevating the chamber pressure, the cold flow test conditions are adjusted to match the ratios of momentum flux,density, and velocity between the gas and liquid flows to those of the actual hot-firing conditions. The results showed that the spray patterns change drastically from a wide hollow cone to a narrow solid cone as the gas to liquid momentum flux ratio increases.

  • The Brazilian Energy Matrix

    A vision for what is expected for the Brazilian energy matrix based on current governmental actions and future technology is given in this perspective, while maintaining a critical overview on how to achieve optimum results with a balanced economic and environmental approach.

  • Distributed Energy: A Disruptive Force

    This report by BCG thoroughly details the increase of distributed energy (DE) generation over the past decade. DE accounted for about 21% of all new capacity in the nation between 2010 and 2013.

  • Interconnected hollow carbon nanospheres for stable lithium metal anodes

    This report details results indicating that nanoscale interfacial engineering could be a promising strategy to tackle the intrinsic problems of lithium metal anodes. This could lead to batteries with higher energy storage density than existing lithium ion batteries.

  • Evolution of Wind Power

    An interactive infographic showing the cumulative installed wind power capacity per country, continent and the world as a whole between 1981-2013.

  • Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Perspective on Exporting Liquefied Natural Gas from the United States

    This report shows the benefits of cleaner, more efficient combustion of natural gas are largely offset by methane leakage in U.S. production and pipelines and by methane leaks and energy used in the process of liquefying and transporting the LNG. In the case of shipping LNG from the U.S. gulf coast to Shanghai, the greenhouse gas benefits could in some cases be completely offset by those factors when measured over a 20-year period, the report says.

  • Offshore Wind Market and Economic Analysis

    The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive annual assessment of the U.S. offshore wind market. The report will be updated and published annually for a three year period. Figures and tables that will be updated annually are indicated by the symbol ● next to the title, or by the symbol ◒ if the data will be updated only if new information becomes available. The report will provide stakeholders with a reliable and consistent data source addressing entry barriers and U.S. competitiveness in the offshore wind market.

  • Electricity Storage as a Gamechanger?

    This 2014 analysis casts doubt on recent claims that electricity storage will be a game changer, yet confirms its widespread value as a versatile tool. As a flexibility resource, storage can support grid balancing and facilitate access to electricity using renewable energy. However, the significant cost of many technologies for high-power and high-energy applications currently undermines the conceptual flexibility potential of storage compared with competing options.

  • The barriers and institutional arrangements of the implementation of renewable portfolio standard (RPS): A perspective of China

    Compared to the Feed-in tariff in China, the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) could not only help to change the driving force of renewable energy industry development, but also provide the renewable energy industry with incentives to achieve the governments' planned goal. This paper first compares the features of RPS of the major industrialized countries.

  • PEM Fuel Cells

    Demand for fuel cell technology is growing rapidly. Fuel cells are being commercialized to provide power to buildings like hospitals and schools, to replace batteries in portable electronic devices, and as replacements for internal combustion engines in vehicles. PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cells are lighter, smaller, and more efficient than other types of fuel cell. As a result, over 80% of fuel cells being produced today are PEM cells. This new edition of Dr. Barbir’s groundbreaking book still lays the groundwork for engineers, technicians and students better than any other resource, covering fundamentals of design, electrochemistry, heat and mass transport, as well as providing the context of system design and applications. Yet it now also provides invaluable information on the latest advances in modeling, diagnostics, materials, and components, along with an updated chapter on the evolving applications areas wherein PEM cells are being deployed.

  • The Smart Meter (R)Evolution

    While an impressive 313 million smarter meters were installed globally by 2013, that number is expected to grow to 1.1 billion by 2022. The abundance of new data is providing utilities with a wealth of new opportunities to draw fresh value out of their deployments in implementing advanced operational analytics that improve grid efficiency and reliability while decreasing operational costs.

  • Potential Economic Impacts from Offshore Wind in the Great Lakes

    To better understand the employment opportunities and other potential regional economic impacts from offshore wind development, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funded research that focuses on four regions of the country. The studies use multiple scenarios with various local job and domestic manufacturing content assumptions.

  • New Technologies for the Construction of Nuclear Power Plants

    This report details the technologic solutions to counter the three main drivers for hesitation with nuclear power generation. (1) The negative impact of an accident in a nuclear power plant for the human beings and for the environment. (2) The possible military uses of certain nuclear installations used for the generation of electricity. (3) The nuclear waste generated by nuclear power plants.

  • Germany, Italy, EU, China, and France Top Global Energy Efficiency Rankings

    Germany comes in first in a new energy efficiency ranking of the world’s major economies, followed by Italy, the European Union as a whole, China, and France, according to the 2014 International Energy Efficiency Scorecard published in July 2014 by the nonprofit American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE).

  • A Nuclear Rethink: Divergent Trends in Nuclear Energy Policy for the Twenty-First Century

    This paper explores the recent adoption of nuclear power in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and contrasts it with the recent decision to phase-out nuclear power in Germany and Switzerland. Assuming that all of these countries desire some semblance of energy security, while simultaneously seeking to reduce their carbon emissions, this paper asks: why do some states see nuclear as a necessary tool while others strongly object to its continued use? The debate surrounding nuclear power is often framed as an either/or debate that fails to seriously discuss the trade-offs of adopting or abandoning the technology. This paper argues that an informed debate about the benefits of nuclear power is needed to overcome the perceived risks of using the technology.

  • Carbon Lock-Out: Advancing Renewable Energy Policy in Europe

    As part of its climate strategy, the EU aims at increasing the share of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES-E) in overall electricity generation. Attaining this target poses a considerable challenge as the electricity sector is “locked” into a carbon-intensive system, which hampers the adoption of RES-E technologies. Electricity generation, transmission and distribution grids as well as storage and demand response are subject to important path dependences, which put existing, non-renewable energy sources at an advantage. This paper examines how an EU framework for RES-E support policies should be designed to facilitate a carbon lock-out.

  • Improved performance and stability in quantum dot solar cells

    Solar cells based on solution-processed organic, inorganic and hybrid materials reported thus far generally suffer from poor air stability, require an inert-atmosphere processing environment or necessitate high-temperature processing, all of which increase manufacturing complexities and costs. While the overall efficiency of this cell is still low compared to other types the rate of improvement of this technology is one of the most rapid seen for a solar technology.

  • Who’s Winning the Clean Energy Race?

    This report details the progress of the renewable energy sector of the global economy. Key highlight from document: Although global clean energy investment in renewable sources, biofuels, smart energy, and energy storage fell 11 percent in 2013, to $254 billion, a number of developments indicate a promising future for clean energy

  • Wind generation output in ERCOT tops 10,000 MW

    March winds brought a new wind power record to the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) region Wednesday evening, March 26, when instantaneous output reached a record 10,296 megawatts (MW) at 8:48 p.m. At the time the new record was set, wind generation was providing nearly 29 percent of the 35,768 MW of electricity being used on the ERCOT grid. The new record beats the previous record set earlier this month by more than 600 MW, and the American Wind Energy Association reports it was a record for any U.S. power system.

  • Light Harvesting: Near-Infrared Harvesting Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrators

    Technology that utilizes an isolated spectrum of light waves to generate electricity: semi-transparent solar panels.

  • The Economic Failure of Nuclear Power and the Development of a Low Carbon Electricity Future

    This paper examines the fundamental choice policymakers are being asked to make and shows that nuclear power is among the least attractive climate change policy options (too costly, too slow, and too uncertain) and is likely to remain so for the foreseeable.

  • Towards Winning Business Models for the EV-Charging Industry

    The momentum around Electric Vehicles (EV) is creating momentum around an emerging service industry to help consumers recharge, and will be facilitated by IT.

  • European Nuclear Society

    The European Nuclear Society is a large trade association for science, research and industry in Europe.

  • EPA Proposes First Guidelines to Cut Carbon Pollution from Existing Power Plants

    This policy details the initial proposal by the EPA for reducing carbon emissions from the power sector by 30 percent nationwide below 2005 levels. It also details the objective reduction of other harmful greenhouse gases such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide.

  • Outlier: Think you’re better than others at saving energy?

    Outlier explores trends in how people are using energy at home. Pulling from energy data from 50 million homes, Opower crunches energy-use information from more than 75 utility partners every day, and cross-references that with weather, household, and demographic information to produce analyses in the Outlier series.

  • Distributed Energy Resource Options: Importance of The Electric Power Grid

    This report outlines how the structure and operation of distribution systems will change as “smart” infrastructures are built out and new distributed energy resource (DER) technologies are deployed.

  • The Brazilian Biodiesel Program

    It endeavors to describe and analyze the Brazilian Biodiesel Program as a public policy based on social and environmental sustainability. By examining the regional distribution of the production and the family production framework of the Program,it also presents the future perspectives of the Program and some suggestions to improve its basic design.

  • National Climate Change Response White Paper

    This report outlines the stance of the government of South Africa on climate change regulation starting in 2012. The document thoroughly details all the various challenges of mitigating climate change for both the country of South Africa and the continent of Africa in consideration of sustainable growth in developing nations.

  • Quarterly Update of Australia’s National Greenhouse Gas Inventory

    Emissions decreased in the December quarter 2013, with trend emissions falling by 0.4% while seasonally adjusted emissions were unchanged. Annual emissions for the year to December 2013 are estimated to be 538.4 Mt CO2-e. This represents a 0.8% decline in emissions when compared with the previous year.

  • Wind Energy For A Cleaner America

    America has vast wind energy resources, and there is still plenty of room for growth. But the pending expiration of the federal renewable energy production tax credit and investment tax credit threatens the future expansion of wind power.

  • U.S. Windmap (80 meters)

    Wind speeds at 80 meters across the United States.

  • The transformation of energy and environmental protection to promote ecological civilization construction

    A brief review of the current status of energy policy plans for China. Mandates reducing the significanct usage of coal and brining coal consumption to a negative rate of growth by 2017 is the current objective for the country.

  • Energy Thought Summit

    Austin, Texas based conference on the future of energy with some 60 speakers. Seems to be arranged in 2014 for the first time.

  • A new look at methane and nonmethane hydrocarbon emissions from oil and natural gas operations

    This report analyses emissions attributable to Oil and Gas sources in northeast Colorado. Total emission is close to 3 times higher than an hourly emission estimate based on Environmental Protection Agency's Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program data for 2012.

  • Australia's Emissions Trading Scheme

    The change will end the fixed-price period of the carbon pricing mechanism and bring the Australian carbon price into line with the carbon price prevailing under the European Union Emission Trading System (EU ETS). This is currently expected to be around $6 per tonne of emissions in 2014-15.

  • Challenges with SMUD's Community Renewable Energy Project Deployment

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar series presentation by Elaine Sison-Lebrilla, Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) on technical challenges confronting local solar energy programs in California.

  • America's Dirtiest Power Plants

    The 50 most-polluting U.S. power plants emit more than 2 percent of the world’s energy-related carbon dioxide pollution – or more pollution than every nation except six worldwide. The 100 most-polluting U.S. power plants produced more than 3 percent of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions from energy use in 2011, while the 500 most-polluting power plants were responsible for about 6 percent.

  • China plan to cap CO2 emissions seen turning point in climate talks

    China, the world's biggest emitter, will set a total cap on its CO2 emissions when its next five-year plan comes into force in 2016, He Jiankun, chairman of China's Advisory Committee on Climate Change, told a conference in Beijing. Carbon emissions in the coal-reliant economy are likely to continue to grow until 2030, but setting an absolute cap instead of pegging them to the level of economic growth means they will be more tightly regulated and not spiral out of control.

  • Latin Americans forge ahead with CO2 reduction plans

    This document details quickly surmises the past year of changes of legislation in Central and South America. The region predominately gets its energy from oil and less so coal according to this source.

  • High Energy Electron Confinement in a Magnetic Cusp Configuration

    This report shows experimental results validating the concept that plasma confinement is enhanced in a magnetic cusp configuration when beta (plasma pressure/magnetic field pressure) is order of unity. The enhancement is required for a fusion power reactor based on cusp confinement to be feasible. The magnetic cusp configuration possesses a critical advantage: the plasma is stable to large scale perturbations.

  • Green Climate Fund Launches Initial Contribution Process in Oslo

    A U.N. fund designed to help developing nations combat global warming.

  • Latin Americans forge ahead with CO2 reduction plans

    Over the past year, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia and Peru have all either passed or announced an intent to legislate major new policies to cut greenhouse gas emissions and cope with the impacts of climate-sparked weather disasters. Mexico approved a bill last year mandating a 30 percent emissions cut below business-as-usual levels by the end of this decade.

  • Almost a third of new U.S. electricity came from solar last year

    More solar has been installed in the U.S. in the last 18 months than in the last 30 years. New natural gas made up almost half of the new electricity built out, solar made up about a third of new electricity, and wind delivered about 7 percent of new electricity. New coal power only made up 10 percent of the total.

  • Microbial fuel cells: novel biotechnology for energy generation

    Here we discuss how bacteria use an anode as an electron acceptor and to what extent they generate electrical output. The MFC technology is evaluated relative to current alternatives for energy generation.

  • Exotic, Highly-Efficient Solar Cells May Soon Get Cheaper

    Innovators have just starting to make solar cells made from new materials. While there’s a lot of work to do to optimize the process, the materials might serve as the basis for an advanced type of solar cells made of multiple semiconductor materials. Such “multi-junction” solar cells efficiently absorb and convert light from more wavelengths of light, and in the lab they have reached efficiencies of well over 40 percent.

  • As solar panels boom, it was the simple business model that the big energy players missed

    There were more solar panels installed in the U.S. over the last 18 months than the last 30 years. But when it comes to making money off of this solar boom, some of the largest energy companies in the U.S. have (so far) left money on the table.

  • Taking Crowdfunding to Clean Energy

    Clean-energy promoters are developing crowdfunding websites that promise to overcome investor skepticism about whether they can earn regular returns. Barely on the corporate radar three years ago, crowdfunding has mushroomed beyond social causes, film projects and garage start-ups toward companies with steady cash flows.

  • China's Energy Reform and Climate Policy: The Ideas Motivating Change

    China has embarked on an ambitious and unprecedented program of energy reform and climate change mitigation. Yet the motivations for this important shift remain unclear. This paper surveys key central government documents and articles by China's leading energy academics to investigate the ideas influencing China's new energy and climate policies.

  • Taking Stronger Action on Climate Change: China and the United States

    Together the U.S. and China make up over 40% of global greenhouse gas emissions, so action on the part of both countries is critical to adequately address climate change. With measures such as the $275 billion investment in improving air quality, regional bans on new coal-fired power plants, and pilot cap-and-trade systems for carbon emissions, China is ramping up from what they were already doing on air and climate.

  • Regulating the Race to Renewables

    Renewable energy (RE) seems to be considered as a panacea for global climate challenge, while it is perceived to offer developmental co-benefits. Investment on RE capacity has exceeded the investment on additional fossil-fuel based sources worldwide. Global investment in RE has gone up from US$ 39.6 billion in 2004to US$ 279 billion in 2011. It has dropped to US$244.4billion in 2012.

  • LNG Hub

    LNG Hub is an online Community for Global LNG Leaders which gathers industry thought leaders to generate discussion on the latest issues & opportunities.

  • Microbial fuel cells: novel biotechnology for energy generation

    Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) provide new opportunitiesfor the sustainable production of energy from biode-gradable, reduced compounds. MFCs function on differ-ent carbohydrates but also on complex substratespresent in wastewaters. As yet there is limited infor-mation available about the energy metabolism andnature of the bacteria using the anode as electronacceptor; few electron transfer mechanisms have beenestablished unequivocally. To optimize and developenergy production by MFCs fully this knowledge isessential. Depending on the operational parameters ofthe MFC, different metabolic pathways are used by thebacteria. This determines the selection and performanceof specific organisms. Here we discuss how bacteria usean anode as an electron acceptor and to what extentthey generate electrical output. The MFC technology is evaluated relative to current alternatives for energy generation.

  • Reegle

    reegle - the Information Gateway for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency on is a service provided by the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership and the Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

  • ODYSSEE: Energy Efficiency Database

    Energy efficiency data

  • Open Energy Info

    Open Energy Info is a platform to connect the world's energy data. It is a linked open data platform bringing together energy information to provide improved analyses, unique visualizations, and real-time access to data. OpenEI follows guidelines set by the White House's Open Government Initiative , which is focused on transparency, collaboration, and participation. OpenEI strives to provide open access to this energy information, which will spur creativity and drive innovation in the energy sector.